20FT Container – L20′ x W8′ x H7’10”
20000kgs 1700kgs 18620kgs
44100lbs 3750lbs 41050lbs
Capacity – 33.5 CU. M / 1183 CU.FT
40FT Container – L40′ x W8′ x H7’10”
30000kgs 3406kgs 27074kgs
66140lbs 7510lbs 59670lbs
Capacity – 67.57 CU. M / 2351 CU.FT
40FT Container (High Cube) – L40′ x W8′ x H8’10”
32000kgs 3980kgs 28020kgs
70550lbs 8775lbs 61775lbs
Capacity – 76.3 CU. M / 2694 CU.FT
45FT Container (High Cube) – L45′ x W8′ x H8’10”
30000kgs 3980kgs 26500kgs
66140lbs 8780lbs 58420lbs
Capacity – 85.6 CU. M / 3032 CU.FT



INternational COmmerce Terminology (INCO Terms) defines exactly the shipping responsibilities of both the buyer and the seller. This table illustrates the cost responsibilities for each party-

What does this all mean?

Here is a simple explanation of the most commonly used terms:

EXW – Ex Works

Buyer will pay all freight charges from the seller door to the door at destination. The seller needs to ensure the freight is ready for shipping and provide all the correct documents i.e. commercial invoice and packing declaration. The buyer will have full control of the freight.

FOB – Free on Board

Seller will arrange through their freight forwarder the movement of the goods up to the origin port. The goods will then be the buyer’s responsibility. Their nominated forwarder will take control from here. Freight and destination costs will be charged to the buyer.

CFR – Cost & Freight

Costs from the seller’s door to the destination port will be paid by the seller. Given the seller is responsible for transportation, they also nominate the forwarder. The buyer will take care of the destination charges.

CIF – Cost, Insurance & Freight

Similar to CFR but the maritime insurance cost will be paid by the seller. Insurance cover will up to the destination port only.

DAT – Delivery at Terminal

All charges up to the nominated terminal will be paid for by the shipper. Delivery, Customs Clearance and Customs import charges will be paid for by the buyer. The seller will arrange freight to the terminal through their freight forwarder, the buyer can have their own customs and delivery agent takeover from the terminal.

DAP – Delivery at Place

All charges as well as delivery to the buyer facilities will be arranged by the seller. Customs clearance cost can be arranged by either the seller or the buyer depending on the agreement at the time of the freight booking. Import Duty and Taxes will be paid by the buyer at destination.

DDP – Delivered Duty Paid

The seller will arrange and pay for all freight charges to the buyer’s door including customs clearance, duty and taxes at destination. The seller has full control of the shipment.

Choosing the right terms

Each option has its own benefits and risks for both the buyer and the seller.


  • Freight Control – Working on tight time frames or stock control it is essential to know where your freight is the majority time
    • Buyer – EXW, FOB, CFR/CIF Seller – DAT, DAP, DDP
  • Cost Control – Knowing the cost of the freight will help you work out the true cost of your products
    • Buyer – EXW, FOB, CFR/CIF Seller – DAT, DAP, DDP


  • Lack of visibility – Stock control
    • Buyer – DAT, DAP, DDP Seller –EXW, FOB, CFR/CIF
  • Unexpected costs – Not having the ability you nominate your forwarder can incur additional costs that you haven’t taken into account, resulting in loss of profit
    • Buyer – CFR/CIF, DAT Seller – FOB

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